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Our salutations to Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam (Former President of India from 2002 - 2007)
We are proud of this great leader who took India to great heights in the field of technology and science. This scientist and engineer who hails from a middle class family in Rameshwaram is usually refferd to as the 'Missile man of India'.
To quote the leader
"Thinking is progress. Non-thinking is stagnation of the individual, organisation and the country. Thinking leads to action. Knowledge without action is useless and irrelevant. Knowledge with action, converts adversity into prosperity."
"Thinking should become your capital asset, no matter whatever ups and downs you come across in your life."
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam after his primary education took up a graduation in Science from st joseph's college and went on to do his DMIT in Aeronautical Engineering. After his 3rd year he joined the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited in Banglore and received training on piston and turbine engineering. After his completion of aeronautical engineering, he had two routes ahead. One was to take up his dream of becoming a pilot with the Indian Air Force and the other one was a job in the Directorate of Technical Development and Production under the Ministry of Defence.
He applied for both and stood 9th in his Air Force section test. Sadly only 8 were selected. Dissapointed by his rejection Kalam visited Rishikesh to have a bath in Ganga and there he met Swami Sivananda. Swami Sivananda learnt about the sorrow of Abdul Kalam and consoled him saying 'Forget this failure, as it was essential to lead you to your destined path. Search, instead, for the true purpose of your existence'. His words had helped Kalam to to fight back and forget his sorrow and instilled a ray of new hope in him.
Back he joined the Directorate of Technical development and Production as a Scientific assistant. In his first year he designed a supersonic target aircraft and was sent to Kanpur for futher studies in aircraft maintenance. Back in Delhi he took up a study in Human centrifuge, and designed a vertical take off, landing platform and a hot cockpit. Later an Aeronautical development estiblishment was formed in Banglore and he was shifted there.
In ADE he developed the prototype type hovercraftand the then Minister Krisna Menon rode it with Kalam at the control. It was a great acheivement in those days but it did not receive the encouragement it should have. Could be thats why Kalam moved out to the India's space program ISRO.
He became the project director for SLV-3, and he joined Thumba in Trivandrum. He sucessfully designed the satellite Rohini in 1980 and hence received the Padma Bhushan in 1981. In 1982 Kalam became the director of DRDO and was incharge of the Guided Missile Development Programme, which was India's sucessful miltary research. It had 5 projects in hand with a time frame of 10 years. It included Prithvi a battlefield missile, Akash a surface to air missile, Agni a ballastic missile, Nag a anti tank guided missile and Trishul a surface to air missile.
He was the chairman of the programme and was actively involved in the technology issue of the project. Trishul was launched in 1988, Agni in 1989, Prithvi in 1988 and the others in 1990. This development brought up India to the level with highly developed countries.
Kalam set up the Research Centre Imarat in the campus of DRDL which was used for the work in advanced missile technology. It also had a farm for the food requirements of the employees. For this acheivement Abdul Kalam received the Padma Vibhushan in 1990. In 1997 he was conferred the Bharat Ratna and in 1998 he received the Indira Gandhi award for National Integration.
Later Kalam joined as Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister. He was put on projects like the Arjun MBT and the Light Combat Aircraft(LCA) projects. According to Kalam Science could be put to development in software engineering, agriculture, aviation, defence, chemical engineering and so on. Kalam always advised children to "dream, dream and dream and convert these into thoughts and later into actions."
In 1999, Dr APJ Abdul kalam was appointed as the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Govt of india and held the rank of a Cabinet Minister. In December 2000, he received the "Life-time Contribution Award in Engineering 2000". In 2001 due to reasons unknown he quit the job and joined the Anna university as the professor. He spent his time developing 'India Millennium Missions 2020' which is a blueprint for making India a developed nation.
In july 25 2002, Dr A.P J Abdul kalam became the 11th President of India and his term ended in 2007.